A monthly newsletter for students and friends of  Kicks Martial Arts for Women
Inside this issue:

Is Violence Against Women a Political Issue?


Battered Women's Shelter
 Movement History


Are you an Emotional Eater?

Cool Link of the Month


Rank Promotions and Events


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dojang    
Located at the Heiter Community Center • 100 North Fifth Street •  Lewisburg, PA 17837
December 2003

Is Violence Against Women a Political Issue?
by Laura Kamienski
CardioKicks!
Fitness Tip of the Month


    Many of those working in the anti-violence movement today consider violence against women a personal issue first and only secondarily a political issue. Others recognize violence against women as a political issue, but narrowly define rape and battering as isolated phenomena, disconnected from larger issues of oppression and violence. This tendency is part of a retreat by the women's movement. It is a result of reactionary backlash and ongoing attacks that threaten the gains made by feminists throughout history.    

Violence against women is first and foremost  
a political issue. 
protest

     Every form of oppression has a corresponding form of violence. For women that violence is manifested as rape and battering. Violence against women is a systematic and structural method of maintaining the oppression of women. Oppression is part of how a privileged group rules. It is a part of the superstructure of society. From this perspective, ideas like racism, sexism, anti-gay bigotry, national chauvinism, religious chauvinism, etc., are all features of how the status quo articulates its ideological hegemony, its dominance, over society as a whole. Oppression serves a specific group of people by dividing and weakening those who are struggling for equality. Oppression includes both ideological and material elements, and it crosses class lines.

Domestic violence and sexual assault are deeply connected to other issues of oppression and violence.

     To the extent that economic issues and children have an  impact on a battered woman's strategy for escape, affirmative action and reproductive rights are directly related and central to the struggle, yet many women's organizations refuse to even consider discussing the issue of abortion or affirmative action. What battered women need -- access to affordable housing, living-wage jobs, free and accessible child care --  (not that much different than what all women need to lead independent lives) is not something that will be provided by either shelter services or arresting batterers. Individualizing, personalizing or reducing the issue of sexist violence to gender roles and safe dating practices isn't going to end battering or rape, which are (and always have been) tools of systematic sexism.  And, since not all survivors are white or middle class, rape and battering are also  (as they always have been) issues of racism and economic inequality. **
     The history of the Battered Women's Shelter Movement is deeply conjoined with the women's liberation movement. This issue of the Dojang Digest  is dedicated to women who have struggled and who continue to struggle to end the oppression of women and the violence that maintains it.
     There are two articles describing the history of the battered women's shelter movement reprinted in this issue courtesy of the Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence. The Dojang Digest would like to extend our our solidarity with and sincerest gratitude for all their invaluable contributions toward ending violence against women.

Highlights of Movement to
End Domestic Violence
compiled by  the Florida Coalition  Against Domestic Violence 
*

1971: 

Movement first gains momentum in England, as Chiswick Women’s Aid, the first identified shelter opens.

1972: 

Women’s Advocates in St. Paul, Minnesota starts the first hotline for battered women. Women’s Advocates and Haven House in Pasadena, California, establish the first shelters for battered women.

1974:

Erin Pizzey publishes Scream Quietly or the Neighbors will Hear in England, the first book about domestic violence from the battered women’s perspective.

1976:

NOW announces the formation of a task force, co-chaired by Del Martin, to examine the problem of battering. It demands research into the problem and money for shelters.

Del Martin publishes Battered Wives, the first American feminist publication showing violence against wives deeply rooted in sexism.

Betsy Warrior publishes Working on Wife Abuse, the first national directory of individuals and groups helping battered women.

Nebraska becomes the first state to abolish the marital rape exemption.

Pennsylvania establishes the first state coalition against domestic violence. It also becomes the first state to create a statute providing for orders of protection for victims of domestic violence.

First national conference on battered women is held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, sponsored by the Milwaukee Task Force on Battered Women.

1977:

National Communications Network For The Elimination of Violence Against Women, (NCN), the first national newsletter on battered women, is published. The following year, NCN merges with the Feminist Alliance Against Rape to publish Aegis, the magazine on ending violence against women, a grassroots feminist forum on rape, battering, and other issues of violence affecting women.

Oregon becomes the first state to enact legislation mandating arrest in domestic violence cases.

1978:

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights holds “Consultation on Battered Women” in Washington, D. C., brings together hundreds of activists and results in Battered Women: Issues Of Public Policy, which offers more than 700 pages of written and oral testimony.

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV), the grassroots organization, which becomes the voice of the battered women’s movement on the national level, is organized. NCADV establishes the vision and philosophy which will guide the development of hundreds of local battered women’s programs and state coalitions. It initiates the introduction of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act in the U. S. Congress.

Minnesota becomes the first to allow probable cause (warrantees) arrest in cases of domestic assault, regardless of whether a protection order has been issued against the offender.

1979:

Office on Domestic Violence is established in U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, but is closed in 1981.

First congressional hearings on the issue of domestic violence are held.

1980:

First National Day of Unity in October is established by NCADV to mourn battered women who have died, celebrate women who have survived the violence, and honor all who have worked to defeat domestic violence. Becomes Domestic Violence Awareness Week, and in 1987, expands to a month of awareness activities.

NCADV holds first national conference in Washington, D.C., which is attended by more than 600 battered women’s advocates from forty-nine (49) states. The conference gains federal recognition of critical issues facing battered women, and sees the birth of several state coalitions.


1983:

A Police Foundation study in Minneapolis, funded by the National Institute of Justice, finds arrest more effective than two non-arrest alternatives to reducing the likelihood of repeat violence. The study findings are widely publicized and provide the impetus for many police departments to establish pro-arrest policies in cases of domestic violence.

1984:

U.S. Attorney General establishes Task Force on Family Violence to examine scope and nature of problem. Nearly 300 witnesses provide testimony in public hearings in six (6) cities. Final Reports offers recommendations for action in many areas, including the criminal justice response, prevention and awareness, education and training, and data collection reporting.


continued in right column...



empower

Discover your power.

Kicks Martial Arts for Women offers Empower! courses both on and off site. Our instructors will custom tailor a course specifically for your group's needs. Whether you are are involved with girl scouts or seniors, college students or working women, Kicks has an Empower! course for your group. Contact us for more information.

concerned  

Emotional Eating

     "I need some comfort food!" How often have we heard this? How often have we said it! Because it brings feelings of immediate satisfaction and pleasure, many of us learn that food brings comfort. Because of this we often eat in an attempt to heal emotionally. Eventually we develop the habit of eating under stress instead of learning skills to resolve our emotional distress.
     Experts estimate that 75% of overeating is caused by emotions. Foods are usually "comfort" or junk foods and are eaten in response to such feelings as depression, boredom, loneliness, chronic anger, anxiety, frustration, stress, problems with interpersonal relationships and poor self-esteem. Emotional eating can result in overeating and unwanted weight gain.
     With help we can learn to identify what triggers our eating, we can substitute more appropriate techniques to manage our emotional problems. Healthy eating habits are essential to maintain a healthy body.  Learning to eat when we're hungry and paying attention to our bodies hunger signals is one method of discovering if we're eating emotionally or not.


Happy holidays to all!
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Congratulations!
Kicks Rank Promotions


Welcome new White Belts: Kyra and Hannah...
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Promotions:
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Upcoming Events

  • Kicks' 2004 class schedule will be in effect beginning on December 1st, 2003. Click here for details.
  • The next rank test will be held on December 13th at 2:00 PM. Good luck to all of those who are testing!
  • Kicks will be closed beginning December 22nd in honor of the holiday season. Normal class schedule will resume on Tuesday, January 6th, 2004.

The History of the Battered
Women's Shelter Movement
Courtesy of the Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence *

Domestic Violence was not recognized as a pervasive social problem in this country until the mid-1970’S, when a grassroots battered women’s movement gained momentum. Inspired by the feminist anti-rape movement’s analysis of male violence against women as a social and political issue, battered women began to speak out about the physical abuse they were suffering in their marriages and intimate relationships.  
     At first, battered women helped one another individually by setting up informal safe homes and apartments, in such an environment - free from intimidation of their abusers - battered women could speak openly and soon discovered the commonality of their experience. Their bond lay in their sense of isolation and need for safety. Moreover, the women were justified in their struggle against society’s indifference to their plight and the lack of support from social and justice systems. As the issue was publicized, women of all races, cultures, ages, abilities, and walks of life began to expose the violence they suffered. It quickly became clear that woman battering was a pervasive problem, and a nationwide movement started to take shape.
     The early experience of the movement revealed the acute need for safe shelter for battered women and their children. Unless a woman could feel truly safe, she could not effectively evaluate her situation and make clear decisions about her future. Operating on shoe-string budgets, battered women’s advocates began to open up formal programs around the country. Only a handful of such programs existed in the mid-1970’s: today there are more than 1,400 shelters, hotlines, and safe-home networks nationwide. Although the programs that have emerged differ somewhat in philosophy and approach, all share the conviction that no one deserves to be beaten, and that battered women need special resources to end the violence in their lives.

For more information, see Highlights of Movement to End Domestic Violence, this issue.

Cool Link
of the Month


SNAP PUNCH!

The Newsletter for Women Martial Artists

Snap Punch! is a monthly newsletter discussing topics related to women in the martial arts. Based in the United Kingdom, Snap Punch! aims to show case different female martial artists of any style. This is a great networking site for women in the martial arts. Check it out.

...continued from left column

Passage of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act, through grassroots lobbying efforts; earmarks federal funding for programs serving victims of domestic violenc

1985: 

Thurman v. Torrington is the first case in Federal court in which a battered woman sues a city for police failure to protect her from her husband’s violence. Tracy Thurman, who remains scarred and partially paralyzed from stab wounds inflicted by her husband, wins a $2 million judgment against the city. The suit leads to Connecticut’s passage of its mandatory arrest law.

U. S. Surgeon General issues report identifying domestic violence as a major health problem.

1987:

NCADV establishes the first national toll-free domestic violence hotline.

First national conference to promote a dialogue among domestic violence  researchers, practitioners and policymakers is held at the University of New Hampshire.

1988:

State v. Ciskie is the first case to allow the use of expert testimony to explain the behavior and mental state of an adult rape victim. The testimony is used to show why a victim of repeated physical and sexual assault by her intimate partner would not immediately call the police or take action. The jury convicts the defendant on four (4) counts of rape.

For more information see History of the Battered Women's Shelter Movement, this issue.

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**Thanks to Professor Janet Dodd at Syracuse University for contributing to this article.

*Reprinted with permission from the Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence

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